Breast reduction surgery is preferred in cases where the breasts are larger than normal and drooping. This procedure can be performed due to medical problems as well as aesthetic concerns. In addition to reducing genetically large breasts, it is also performed to lift the breasts after the breastfeeding period. We have compiled what you need to know about breast reduction surgery for you.
What is Breast Reduction Surgery?
Breast reduction surgery, or reduction mammoplasty , is performed for medical reasons as well as aesthetic concerns. The operation is usually performed for reasons such as not looking beautiful, sagging, not finding clothes, and not being symmetrical due to the large size of the breasts.
Medical reasons, on the other hand, are carried out in order to relieve shoulder, back and neck pain caused by the size and weight of the breasts or to prevent humpback problems. Depending on the breast sizes, unwanted conditions such as rash, infection, fungus or wound formation under the breasts are eliminated. In addition, it also provides relief from pressure sores caused by bra straps.
Those with large breasts may experience various difficulties while performing their daily activities. Apart from genetic factors, people’s lifestyles can also cause breasts to grow over time. There may be cases of breast growth or loss of shape due to factors such as pregnancy, being overweight, hormonal irregularities, some disorders, and age. In this respect, breast reduction operation provides both the elimination of aesthetic concerns and the elimination of medical problems. The aim of breast reduction surgery is to provide patients with the desired size, equal size, aesthetic and symmetrical breasts with the least scarring.
What are the Risks of Breast Reduction Surgery?
As with any operation, breast reduction surgery has risks . Some of these risks are;
- There may be different health problems in operations that are not performed under appropriate conditions.
- Although rare, infection or bleeding may occur during surgery.
- Injury to the milk ducts during surgery causes the breast to decrease in its lactation potential.
- There may be cases where the nipple sensation is adversely affected.
How is Breast Reduction Surgery Performed?
Breast reduction is performed by removing the fat tissues in the skin and breast . This operation can be applied to people who are 20 years old and over, whose body development has been completed. In breast reduction surgeries that need to be completed in physical development as well as hormonal regulation, this procedure is performed for people under 20 years old only in case of medical necessity.
Breast reduction is a surgical operation performed under general anesthesia. In this surgery, one of the lollipop incision or reverse T incision methods is used. Depending on the size of the breast, the procedure is carried out between 2.5 and 4.5 hours. Various parameters such as the size of the breast, the position of the nipple depending on the breast fold, skin structure, breast tissue, the distance between the nipple, shoulder and hip are taken into consideration about which method will be preferred.
lollipop incision method , a circular cut is made around the nipple. Afterwards, breast tissue and excess skin tissue are removed. It is also possible to move the nipple upwards, if necessary, in the operations performed by considering the physical appearance of the people. In order not to damage the milk ducts, the skin is carefully closed, and then a drain is placed in the area in order to expel the accumulated blood in the breast in order to accelerate the healing, and the surgery is terminated.
inverted T incision method , an incision is made in the lower part of the breast, like an inverted T letter. After the excess breast tissue and skin are removed, the operation is terminated as in the lollipop incision method. After breast reduction surgery, people need to be kept in the hospital for one day. Patients can be discharged after drain removal and dressing.
Patients should go for control in the 1st and 2nd weeks after the operation. In the controls performed in the 2nd week, the stitches of the patients are removed. It is important to use special creams in order to reduce scars. Thanks to the special bra, patients can easily return to their daily lives after a week of home rest. However, it is very important to wear bras similar to sports bras for 6 weeks. Slight swelling of the breasts may occur between 6 and 12 months after the operation. However, this feeling is not to the extent that it reduces the quality of life of patients.
Is There Any Scar After Breast Reduction Surgery?
As in tube operations, there may be scarring after breast reduction surgery . The shape and size of the scars vary depending on the technique used during the operation. Surgical scars are much less in lollipop type operations. The reason for this is that the amount of incisions is small and besides, these incisions are around the nipple. The scar between the skin and the nipple is almost invisible due to the color differences in this area.
reverse T type surgery , the surgical scars are much larger. These incisions are from the nipple down. Over time, the skin color takes on a less obvious structure. The horizontal line formed at the breast fold point will not be visible unless viewed from the opposite side. The surgical scar may differ depending on how much the breast sagged and how much it is desired to be reduced.
Considerations After Breast Reduction Surgery
After breast reduction surgery, people should rest at home for at least 3 and maximum 7 days. After the operation, antibiotics and painkillers prescribed by the physician should be used. It is a very important issue that they should be used in determined doses and times.
The use of sports bras, which prevent the breasts from pressing and shaking, is very effective in reducing pain and shaping the breasts. Dressing days will be determined by the physicians after the surgery. Dressing on these dates helps to reduce the risk of infection and accelerate healing. It is very important for patients to avoid lifting weights, pushing and pulling movements during the 4-week period.
After breast reduction surgery, the breast tissue appears swollen because it is edematous. This swollen appearance will last for about 3-4 weeks and then it will decrease. It takes about 1 year for the breasts to regain their real appearance. In order for the tissue and scars of breast surgery to heal quickly, alcohol and cigarette consumption should be avoided. Since smoking and alcohol consumption affect cell regeneration, they will also negatively affect the visibility of the surgical scar.
Preparation Stage Before Breast Reduction Surgery
Breast reduction surgery, like other surgical procedures, requires a special preparation process. Paying attention to the stages in the preparation processes increases the success. In addition, it is important in terms of preventing complications that may occur during and after surgery. In this respect, it is important to pay attention to the preparation stages in breast reduction operations.
- It is important to listen to the medical histories of the patients in detail and to evaluate the operation area and general body health with a detailed physical examination.
- Expectations about breast size and shape of patients need to be determined.
- Patients are informed about the procedures and detailed information is given about the complications that may occur during and after the surgery.
- Before the surgical procedure, photographs of the breast tissues are taken. By comparing and measuring its dimensions, the operation line is drawn and the operation plan is made.
- Studies are carried out to decide on the type of anesthesia to be applied.
- It is important to stop the anticoagulant drugs used by the patients for different health problems a certain period before the surgery or to start alternative drug treatments.
- Various medical treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs and thyroid drugs need to be regulated before surgery.
- In order to evaluate the health problems related to breast cancer in detail, care should be taken to perform basal mammography measurements before the procedure.
How Long Does Breast Reduction Surgery Take?
Depending on the size of the breast and the surgical techniques applied, breast reduction surgery is performed in approximately 2-3 hours.
Breast Reduction Surgery in Men
Breast reduction surgery can also be performed in men. The development of feminine breast tissue in men is called gynecomastia . This problem is common in boys during puberty. In advancing ages , there is no regression in 10-15 % and a permanent situation is in question. In men;
- Various drugs
- Breast size problems may be encountered due to diseases.
Before deciding on breast reduction surgery in men, it is necessary to determine why breast size occurs. It is necessary to pay attention to how much skin and tissue excess there is during the decision to correct gynecomastia. The liposuction method is used to remove the fatty tissue . The hard tissue under the nipple is removed by entering a small and non-marking incision made in the dark area of the nipple. If the excess skin in the breasts is very advanced, scarred breast reduction can be performed, such as breast reduction surgery in women.
Breastfeeding After Breast Reduction Surgery
During breast reduction surgery, the milk-producing glands are preserved. Therefore, after this procedure, there is no problem in breastfeeding women. However, in breast reduction surgery, there may be damage to the mammary glands. In such cases, breastfeeding will not be possible.
Does Breast Reduction Surgery Cause Breast Cancer?
There is no such thing as breast reduction surgery causing cancer. On the contrary, there are opinions that it reduces the risk of cancer because the tissues are removed. Ultimately, it is possible to say with certainty that it does not increase the risk of cancer.
Advantages of Breast Reduction Surgery
breast reduction surgery , it is possible to eliminate the negativities caused by large breast tissue in patients. Advantages of breast reduction attempts;
- Psychological benefits are obtained by regulating the body perceptions of the patients.
- A cosmetically pleasing appearance is obtained
- Physical activities can be performed much more easily
- It is possible to eliminate chronic pain problems such as back and low back pain and problems such as humpback.
Who Can Have Breast Reduction Surgery?
is very important to determine the need for surgery before breast reduction surgery . In addition to the wishes and expectations of the patients, the physicians should also decide on the surgery by making their evaluations about the patient. In some cases, there may be cases where the surgery is not immediately decided and postponed.
There is no certain age criterion for patients to perform breast reduction surgery. However, in the adolescence period, when breast development continues, it would not be correct to decide for surgery in the early stages, since the breast tissue has not yet reached full maturity. In order to prevent conditions such as continued growth in breast tissue after surgery or poor cosmetic shape development secondary to the surgical procedure, patients should be re-evaluated at the age when puberty is considered complete and a surgical decision should be made.
Obese patients, whose body weight is considerably higher than normal, have an increase in the amount of fat in the breast tissue. Before breast reduction surgery, it is important for patients to make changes in their lifestyles to lose weight. Patients who are considering losing weight need to reevaluate breast sizes after losing weight. Satisfactory results may not be obtained in the case of breast reduction surgery in patients who start regular exercise programs and diet by regulating their nutritional habits.
In cases of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart failure, and kidney disease, the risk of developing some complications after breast reduction surgery is high. Due to these diseases, it may be possible for patients to experience life-threatening situations during surgery. For this reason, it is important to examine the patients in terms of additional health problems before the surgical decision and to apply the treatments of existing diseases when necessary.
During pregnancy, breast tissue grows and develops actively with the effect of estrogen and progesterone hormones in the blood. For patients who are pregnant or considering pregnancy, breast reduction surgery may not give the desired results for these reasons. In addition, the absence of some glands removed from the body during breast reduction surgery may adversely affect milk production in the breast . For this reason, before the decision of surgery is taken, it is necessary to question whether the patients have a future pregnancy decision.
Cigarettes and alcohol
Smoking and alcohol use is another criterion that should be evaluated before the decision of surgery, as it causes tissue damage and increases the risk of post-surgical complications.
The Importance of Choosing a Doctor in Breast Reduction Surgery
One of the most important factors affecting the success of breast reduction surgery is the choice of doctor. It is extremely important to apply to experienced surgeons in order to end the complaints experienced after the surgery, to reduce the surgical scars to minimal levels and to prevent asymmetry problems between the two breasts. It is an important issue to perform breast examination procedures in detail before breast reduction surgery. In addition, the patient’s history should be evaluated before surgery.
Will There Be Re-growth and Sagging After Breast Reduction Surgery?
Although there is a small possibility that the breast will regrow after breast reduction surgery , there may be a possibility. Breast enlargement may occur due to some medications, pregnancy, weight gain and hormonal changes. For this reason, care should be taken not to interrupt the doctor’s controls after breast reduction surgery. In addition, maintaining the ideal weight is also a very important issue.
How Are Breast Reduction Prices Determined?
breast reduction surgery Prices are determined depending on the methods and types of anesthesia to be applied. In addition, the country where the breast reduction surgery will be performed and the doctor also have a decisive role in pricing. Breast reduction surgery is an extremely comprehensive procedure. For this reason, it is extremely important that this procedure is carried out by specialist doctors in the field.
Will there be any scars in breast reduction surgery?
As with any surgery involving an incision, there are scars in breast reduction surgery. In the early stages after the surgery, the scars are more prominent and dark in color. In a period of 6-12 months, the scars of the operation are extremely faint and close to the skin color. The scars of breast reduction surgery sometimes become so faint that they are not visible at all in some patients.
Breast Reduction Surgery in Thailand
Thailand is often preferred for its medical development and reasonable prices. In this respect, medical tourism has developed here and is very popular. In addition to the affordable prices, the high success rate in the transactions made causes many people to turn to Thailand. You can contact our company for detailed information about breast reduction surgery in Thailand .